Is your sunscreen killing the sea?

Sunscreen is essential to protect skin against cancer, and with many pandemic-related travel restrictions around the world starting to lift, sales are expected to rocket. Estimates vary about how much sunscreen makes it into our oceans each year. Researchers estimated that 20,000 tonnes is washed off tourists every year in the northern Mediterranean alone. between 6,000 and 14,000 tonnes are released annually in coral reef areas each year. The focus has been on two chemicals, the ultraviolet filters oxybenzone and octinoxate, though there are other troubling ingredients. Hawaii banned those UV filters from January this year, and in 2018 Palau announced broader restrictions on sunscreens containing a number of chemicals. Other regions have similar bans.

— source | 6 Aug 2021

Nullius in verba

How scented products add to air pollution

At least 298.7 million Americans used deodorants / anti-perspirants in 2020, according to the United States Census data and Simmons National Consumer Survey (NHCS) statistics. This figure is projected to increase to 306.04 million in 2024.

But where does the perfume go once it is sprayed on the body? Who is the end consumer of it?

A history

Early perfume was made using natural materials such as bark, wood, roots, leaves, flowers and seeds. The first evidence of perfume making began in Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was later picked up by the Persians and the Romans.

Fragrance was of great importance in Egyptian high society. In fact, God Nefertem is also noted in Egyptian mythology as the lord of perfume. It is also portrayed carrying water lilies, which, in ancient perfumes, were a common ingredient.

Egyptians made perfume by distilling natural ingredients with non-scented oils. The most famous scents were derived from local flowers, fruits and aromatic woods. The Indus civilization (from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE) also had perfume and perfumery.

One of the earliest Ittar distillations was stated in Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita in the

— source | Anuj Behal, Dimple Behal | 03 Dec 2020

Nullius in verba