A cloud without Google and Microsoft for all italian schools

A bill just presented to the italian Senate proposes the establishment of one “single national interconnection network” called UNIRE (“to join”). The mission of this network would be to connect all italian schools with each other and to the Internet, with a private cloud, managed by the State.

This cloud would host platforms for digital teaching, alternatives to those of Google and Microsoft, maximizing data protection of underage students.

This post translates and comments the main points of an interview about UNIRE to the first signatory of the bill, senator Maria Laura Mantovani (Five Star Movement).

Objectives of both the Bill and UNIRE

The bill aims to implement the “School 4.0” intervention included in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR). More specifically, UNIRE would provide:

interconnection to all schools of all types and levels among themselves, with the regional school offices, with the Ministry of Education and globally to the Internet;
basic network services such as DNS, data storage services and cloud computing;

— source stop.zona-m.net | 2021-03-23

Nullius in verba


Python communist revolution

A man once said to abolish the classes or something like that. Unfortunately, it is impossible to abolish class in python without breaking the language, so we do the next best thing: we consider that all classes are born equal1.

Use this module to unite all classes, and initiate the global communist revolution2:

import communism

class OurClass1:
class OurClass2:


# As all classes are equal (in __hash__ and in __eq__)
# This is why you cannot put more than one object in any Set or Dict
print(set([OurClass1(), OurClass2(), OurClass2()]))
# >> {}`

— source [boycott] github.com

[you could avoid github. it is a symbol of slavery.]

Nullius in verba

A 1958 UNIVAC airline reservation system

“The Univac Air Lines Reservations System: a special-purpose application of a general-purpose computer” was published in 1958 and talks about the first computerized airline reservation system.

The system was up 99.7 percent of the time for its first six weeks and the authors envisioned a future system serving 1,200 travel agents simultaneously.

— source philip.greenspun.com | Philip Greenspun | Nov 4, 2021

[computer not came from the sky to serve people.]

Nullius in verba

How to install Hyperbola Gnu

Refer https://www.hyperbola.info/ for more information.

Find existing partitions.
	lsbkl -f
Select partition type. Gpt or MBR [1]
	cfdisk /dev/sda
For MBR partition type,
Create 2 partitions. One for root, 24gb, one for swap 4gb. [2]
Formart partitions 
	mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1
	mkswp /dev/sda2
Mount partition
	mount /dev/sda1 /mnt

	pacman-key –init
	pacman-key –populate hyperbola arch
	pacman-key –refresh-keys
If error happens repeat the above 3.
Edit mirror list.
	nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlists

Install base system
	pacstrap /mnt base
	genfstab -U -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
	arch-chroot /mnt
(now prompt changes)
	echo myhostname > /etc/hostname
	nano /etc/locale.gen
(uncomment en_USUTF8 UTF8)
	useradd -m -G wheel 
	echo LANG=en_US.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf
	export LANG= en_US.UTF-8
	ln -s /usr/share/ZoneInfo/Asia/Calcutta /etc/localtime
	hwclock –systohc
Set root password
	passwd root
Install softwares
	pacman -S grub os-prober
	grub-install /dev/sda
	grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
	umount -R /mnt

Intall other softwares
Start dhcp client
	pacman -Syy
	pacman -S xorg
	pacman -S xorg-video-amdgpu xf86-video-ati
	pacman -S plasma
if needed can install plasma-wayland-session
Set daemon programs
	rc-update add dhcpcd default
	rc-update add sddm default

Welcome to gnu.

Some other options
For setuping up different partitions for home and var 
After [2] do the following,
	mkdir /mnt/home
	mkdir /mnt/var
	mount /dev/sda2 /mnt/home
	mount /dev/sda3 /mnt/var

[1] For gpt partition type, 2 extra partitions are required.
	/dev/sda1, boot partition with 512M (linux partion)
	/dev/sda2, BIOS boot (hex code EF02) with 1M (bios partition)

	mkdir /mnt/boot
	mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot 

Nullius in verba

Techno-Feudalism Is Taking Over

This is how capitalism ends: not with a revolutionary bang, but with an evolutionary whimper. Just as it displaced feudalism gradually, surreptitiously, until one day the bulk of human relations were market-based and feudalism was swept away, so capitalism today is being toppled by a new economic mode: techno-feudalism.

This is a large claim that comes on the heels of many premature forecasts of capitalism’s demise, especially from the left. But this time it may well be true
The clues have been visible for a while. Bond and share prices, which should be moving in sharply opposite directions, have been skyrocketing in unison, occasionally falling but always in lockstep. Similarly, the cost of capital (the return demanded to own a security) should be falling with volatility; instead, it has been rising as future returns become more uncertain.

Perhaps the clearest sign that something serious is afoot appeared on August 12 last year. On that day, we learned that, in the first seven months of 2020, the United Kingdom’s national income had tanked by over 20%, well above even the direst predictions. A few minutes later, the London Stock Exchange jumped by more than 2%. Nothing comparable had ever occurred. Finance had become fully decoupled from the real economy.

But do these unprecedented developments really mean that we no longer live under capitalism? After all, capitalism has undergone fundamental transformations before. Should we not

— source yanisvaroufakis.eu | Yanis Varoufakis | 05/07/2021

Nullius in verba

Arjen Kamphuis Infosecurity Book Launch

Friday evening I went to the Vrijland estate near Schaarsbergen/Arnhem. This former hq of the Dutch 11th Air Mobile Brigade (who still reside nearby) is currently used by the Hack42 collective. Here the book launch of “Infosecurity (Gran knows why)” and opening of the art exhibition “Into Nothingness” took place, in the former chapel of the estate.

Arjen Kamphuis was well known for his work on government transparency, and especially IT and online security. He e.g trained journalists on how to do their work more safely, and consulted various companies on their IT security. He also e.g. consulted the Dutch government in 2013 on why using voting computers is bad practice in an accountable democracy. Next to that he was an avid hiker and mountaineer. In August 2018, during a trip in the north of Norway he went missing, and is presumed to have died due to a kajaking accident. I’ve known Arjen through his work for well over a decade (and I’ve written about his disappearance here before). I’m sad about his disappearance, and as a result have been more active in paying what I learned from him and what he made me aware of forward since then.

Friends of Arjen have collected a selection of his writings and talks, as well as the text of his 2014 book “Information Security for Journalists” (2017 Dutch translation) that he wrote together with journalist Silkie Carlo. Friday they launched a printed version of that collection with the title

— source zylstra.org | Ton Zijlstra | 26 Jan, 2020

Linus Torvalds rails at Intel for ‘killing’ the ECC industry

Linux creator Linus Torvalds has accused Intel of preventing widespread use of error-correcting memory and being “instrumental in killing the whole ECC industry with its horribly bad market segmentation.” ECC stands for error-correcting code. ECC memory uses additional parity bits to verify that the data read from memory is the same as the data that was written. Without this check, memory is vulnerable to occasional corruption where a bit is flipped spontaneously. Memory can also be attacked using a technique called Rowhammer, where rapid repeated reads of the same memory locations can cause adjacent locations to change their state. ECC memory solves these problems and has been available for over 50 years yet most personal computers do not use it. Cost is a factor but what riles Torvalds is that Intel has made ECC support a feature of its Xeon range, aimed at servers and high-end workstations, and does not support it in other ranges such as the Core series.

— source theregister.com | 4 Jan 2021

dont buy intel chip based products.

Nullius in verba

UEFI images that could be used for malware transport

Russian security firm Kaspersky claims to have found a number of suspicious UEFI images, based on the leaked source code of the Italian firm Hacking Team, containing a malicious implant that could be used place a malicious update on a Windows system.

The images placed a file called IntelUpdate.exe in the victim’s Windows Startup folder.

Researchers Mark Lechtik, Igor Kuznetsov and Yury Parshin said in a detailed blog post that this was the second time that malicious UEFI firmware being used by a threat actor had been found in the wild.

— source itwire.com | 06 Oct 2020

Nullius in verba